Us Guatemala Asylum Cooperation Agreement

A separate rule from the Trump administration prevents migrants from seeking asylum when they cross another country before they arrive in the United States, meaning that asylum seekers from any country except Mexico are not eligible for asylum. (Some migrants are still entitled to other protections that would allow them to be in the United States under this rule. The United States has also signed similar agreements with Honduras and El Salvador. The United States has signed the ACA with these countries, although Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras are unable to meet the needs of its own citizens, let alone those of the thousands of asylum seekers for whom the United States could be legally responsible. The Refugee Act states that any non-citizen can apply for asylum in the United States, “whether or not it is a particular port of arrival” and “regardless of [their immigration status].” The only exceptions apply to those who were “relocated” to another country prior to their arrival in the United States or if they crossed another country with which the United States has an agreement on a “safe third country”. The agreement with El Salvador, which is similar to the agreement with Guatemala, states that the United States “wants to cooperate with El Salvador to strengthen El Salvador`s institutional capacity.” In this part, the United States will invest in El Salvador and work on a path for about 200,000 Salvadorans who have lived in the United States for 20 years and who have temporary legal immigration status to stay in the country for a long time, McAleenan and El Salvador State Department Chancellor Alexandra Hill told reporters. DHS and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) then issued a final interim rule (the “rule”) that allows the implementation of ACA not only with Guatemala, but also with El Salvador and Honduras, framing them as attempts to “share” the weight of protection between the United States and the three Central American countries. [37] In practice, CASA will lay down the responsibility to protect on countries that are much less able to carry it.

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