Comprehensive Agreement On Respect For Human Rights And International Humanitarian Law (Carhrihl)

Rene V. Sarmiento is a well-known Filipino human rights lawyer who, as a member of the Philippine government`s negotiating body, participated in peace talks between the Philippine government and the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People`s Army/National Democratic Front. On 1 September 1992, both the Philippine Government and the CPP/NPA/NDF drafted the Hague Joint Declaration in The Hague, which lists the four main agendas for formal peace negotiations: (a) human rights and international humanitarian law; (b) social and economic reforms; (c) political and constitutional reforms; (d) to put an end to hostilities and forces. Over the next two and a half years, the Hague discussions were followed by three more exploratory talks that resulted in 4 procedural agreements, namely the Joint Declaration, the Joint Agreement on Security and Immunity (JASIG), the Joint Agreement on Basic Rules of Formalities and the Joint Agreement on Reciprocal Working Committees (RWCs). The best principles of human rights are universality, indivisibility and interdependence, as well as solidarity. The best principles of international humanitarian law are: (a) the humane treatment and protection of persons not taking part in hostilities (civilians) and those who have ceased to participate in hostilities (sick or wounded combatants and prisoners and detainees); (b) protection and respect for neutral persons or entities and medical personnel, including humanitarian and/or medical organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); (c) the personnel and facilities of schools, medical personnel, religious establishments and places of worship, voluntary evacuation centres, assistance and development programmes and projects shall not be the target of an attack and their safety shall be guaranteed; and (d) children are not allowed to participate in hostilities. . . .

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