Doubts remained as to whether the Belavezha Accords had legally dissolved the Soviet Union, since they were signed by only three republics. However, on 21 December 1991, representatives of 11 of the remaining 12 republics, all except Georgia, signed the Alma Ata Protocol, which confirmed the dissolution of the Union and formally founded the CIS. They also “accepted” Gorbachev`s resignation. Even then, Gorbachev had not yet made formal plans to leave the stage. However, with a majority of republics agreeing that the Soviet Union no longer existed, Gorbachev bowed to the inevitable and told CBS News that he would resign as soon as he saw that the CIS was a reality.  The statement lists three factors explaining why this Union is a necessary step.